The issue of equality of rights of women, feminism, emancipation are fashionable concepts today. Women’s rights form part of basic and universal human rights. The necessity of the topic is shown even by the fact that the European Union declared 2007 being the year of equality of rights of all sexes. Although social public opinion – meaning the attitude that arises displeasure many times even in the circle of fighting feminists and women, in our region generally refuses the issue, considering it over-engaged with politics, enforced issue. Inded, Central-Europe does not belong to those regions, where the oppression of women is an unambiguous, every-day thing.
Drastical and general violation of woman’s rights, questioning of socially accepted competence, mutilation and total exclusion of woman’s rights from public life is not the characteristic of this region. The goal of this study is not to create problems artificially and make conflicts. Its goal is not to support violent feminism, deny differences between women and men, and/or blindly argue the representation of one or another sex. Although, the goal is the study is the argumentation of equality of chances and the objective examination of the situation of Slovak women in the society. The actuality of our research is supported by statistical data. According to the population cencus in 2001 Slovakia’s population number was 5,380 million, from which 51,4 per cent were women. Fifty-six per cent of the population live in villages. Despite the high rate of education, the difference between the average wages of women and men is 28 per cent, for the benefit of the men. In the labour market the women are compared with men under-represented by 13 per cent. At the Parliament they are present by electoral periods by 15 per cent. In our study we examine the role of Slovak women in different segments of the society. Generally we can state that judging the situation of sexes present in the society is in a great extent influenced by stereotypes. If we examine whatever segment of the society, coping and fighting with stereotypes is an inevitable and primary task.
In our study we tried to define concrete recommendations even beyond this issue.