The objective of this study is the description of the Roma education in the Harghita County of Romania, with a retrospective of the key moments taking place after the political turn in 1989. The analysis is based on my research conducted in the past three years, in the framework of which I dealt with the Roma education in the region, examining it from the following aspects: social–historical background, collection and analysis of data on Roma education, research of the activities and attitudes of teachers.