The study introduces the actual situation of national literature and historical traditions of Hungarians living in Slovakia that entered into a new home after 1918. The author states that the conservative understanding of tradition was the most comprehensive and the most active, although it came many times with dilettantism. The conception of tradition of Hungarian activist groups that closely co-operated with the Czechoslovak governments was on the level of citizens progressive, but it had no social basis and was a surrender of the powers. The conception of the tradition of the left-side (communistic) press was influenced by prolet-cult and rappism, and acknowledged only revolutionary traditions. Later the author introduces the development of the conception of tradition of Zoltán Fábry.