Zuzana Poláčková: Slovak-Hungarian Rela­tions in the Ref­lex­ion of the Press and Sci­en­tif­ic Lit­er­a­ture in Some of the Euro­pean Union coun­tries

In the cen­ter of this study stands the three basic prob­lems relat­ing the research of nation­al­i­ty rela­tion­s: rela­tion of Cen­tral Euro­pean minor­i­ty and major­i­ty and its pres­ence in the press and sci­en­tif­ic works in the Euro­pean Union. In the first part the focus is set on minori­ties, con­crete­ly on the years after 1989 and the 90’s of Hun­gar­i­ans liv­ing in Slo­va­ki­a, on eval­u­a­tion and per­cep­tion of the sit­u­a­tion char­ac­ter­is­tic dur­ing the Meèiar-­gov­ern­ment peri­od. The topic of the sec­ond part is Aus­tria and the Nether­land­s, the minor­i­ty issue and the atten­tion payd to the Slovak-Hungarian rela­tion in these two coun­tries. In the sec­ond part the mo­dern research meth­ods and con­nec­tions of Euro­pean nation­al­i­ty and minor­i­ty prob­lems are described.

The Euro­pean dimen­sion brings new aspects to the research. Such con­cep­tions like eth­nic con­flic­t, incom­pat­i­bil­i­ty and antag­o­nisms stay back­ground. Devel­op­ment with­in the reg­ion, issues of democ­ra­ti­sa­tion of the soci­e­ty and the cre­ation of a ci­vil soci­e­ty are pri­ma­ry, and also com­par­ing apprisal of these phe­nom­e­na rep­re­sent­ed by „old” and „new” mem­bers of the Euro­pean Union. In the Slo­vak Repub­lic this approach is expressed main­ly in the effort that is direct­ed on the exam­i­na­tion of the Euro­pean his­to­ry, Euro­pean region­s, cat­e­gories of Cen­tral Euro­pean ci­vil cat­e­gories, level of achieved democ­ra­ti­sa­tion and exam­i­na­tion of the ci­vil soci­ety.