The author, analysing the works of the Czech Karel Èapek and the Hungarian Karinthy Frigyes emphasises that both were very interested in technical development, science, mission of the intelligentsia and in ultimate moments unanimously expressed their views on the war. Their idealistic, deeply humanistic philosophy forced them to evaluate the results of technical development from the aspect of the individual. They both felt the contrast that is between the intellect and emotions, intellect and instinct. The war of this duplicity can be seen in the works of both writers.