In this study I examine the circumstances of the foundation and further development of cooperatives in Szenc in the beginning of the 20th century within three periods of cooperative systems. The first one is the institutionalization of cooperatives evolving from urban and rural cooperatives in the paving years of dualism, especially in the last two decades of the 19th century. The second period is constituted of the Czechoslovak, respectively Slovak cooperative structure between the two world wars, and the short Hungarian period of 1938–1945. In the third period of 1945–1948 reintegration of cooperatives took place and a homogenized superstructure was created, again based on national aspects, and the final liquidation of the respective cooperatives was performed as well. Years indicated in the title of this study are only informative, as the history of the cooperatives of Szenc must be discussed in a broader time range. In this field of interpretation both the processes before 1905 and those after 1945 must be flashed on. This study may, perhaps, provide new approaches to the missing social history of Szenc, and in the near future it can launch a professionally and methodically better founded, long-term research of the history of the commonage and the town itself as well.


István Gaucsík           338.2(437.6)”1905/1948”

Aspects and additional data to the research of the history         94(437.6)”1905/1948”

of cooperatives in Szenc (1905–1948)

Keywords: Cooperatives in Szenc at the first half of the 20th century. The historical–economical background of the commonage in Szenc. The Credit Cooperative in Szenc. The Consumer Cooperative in Szenc. The Hanza Commodity Centre. Alajos Károly (1864–1942).